Women in their 50s and 60s are in their peak earnings years, while their male counterparts are usually on the decline, according to an associate professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School. The associate professor is the author of a recent study about couple’s incomes and retirement patterns. As a result, reports The Berkshire Eagle in the article “Women who retire with their husbands can lose out,” women sacrifice more Social Security wealth than married men, when they retire early.
Social Security benefits are based on a worker’s 35 highest earning years, so each additional year a woman works should be considered to replace an earlier year, when she was working for a lower salary, or when she was out of the workplace completely because she was home raising children. This is more often the case for women in their 50s and 60s than it is for men.
What often happens is that these women retire when their husbands do. That takes away two, three or more years of their top earnings potential. Early retirement also poses a threat to women, who live longer and spend more years in retirement.
Women’s longer life expectancies mean they are statistically more likely to outlive their husbands and are at greater risk of outliving their savings. The numbers are worrisome: women are 80% more likely to live in poverty after age 65 than men, according to the National Institute of Retirement Security.
Social Security checks, if they are robust enough, can be a big help to widows. As long as you live you receive them, and they can’t be reduced by market downturns.
What can you do?
Just because you retire doesn’t mean you have to start taking Social Security. Putting off filing for these benefits as long as you can, is often the best way to maintain some kind of cash flow. If you file at age 62, for example, you are missing out on years of possible increases. Benefits rise by about 7% every year from age 62 to full retirement age. After that, checks increase by 8% until you max out at age 70.
It’s not just about the money for working women. Couples must consider the emotional impact of two retirements, rather than staggering them over a period of years. What happens if both of you are suddenly home together, all the time? That’s a big adjustment for a couple.
Have a conversation with your spouse that is about more than just your larger dreams and hopes for this part of your life. How will each of you spend your time, if you both retire? Are you ready to give up both incomes and how will you manage the change? Don’t wait until it’s a done deal: talk it over now.
The start of retirement is usually an exciting time, when couples enjoy having so much time together. The awareness of one’s mortality increases and the sense of making the most of the time that is left becomes very compelling.
Reference: The Berkshire Eagle (Sep. 20, 2018) “Women who retire with their husbands can lose out”